Anguimorph tooth replacement in amphisbaena alba linnaeus, 1758, and a. Jul 02, 2019 herpetofauna caatinga pdf we provide a list of amphibians, lizards, chelonians, and snakes collected during a day expedition to the northern portion of chapada diamantina national. Information on the use of aquatic environments by two species of amphisbaenids amphisbaena amazonica vanzolini, 1951 and amphisbaena. Amphisbaena alba 18001839 print iconographia zoologica special collections university of amsterdam uba01 izaa100159. Evidence suggests that amphisbaena alba is a facultative inquiline of nests of the leafcutting ant atta cephalotes in trinidad. Download fulltext pdf download fulltext pdf ecology of the wormlizard amphisbaena alba in the cerrado of central brazil article pdf available in copeia 19993. Amphisbaena fuliginosa is the type species of the genus amphisbaena linnaeus 1758. Amphisbaena alba has the largest geographic range of all the amphisbaenians. Despite the large geographic range that this species covers, little is known about its ecology due to its secretive habits. The ear in amphisbaenia 191 sectioned at 20 pm intervals, usually in a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the basilar membrane. An aid to the identification of the south american species of amphisbaena squamata, amphisbaenidae. Reproduction is apparently seasonal and restricted to the. Amphisbaena alba has both the largest svl and range size. The ultrastructure of the spermatozoa of the worm lizard amphisbaena alba squamata, amphisbaenidae and the phylogenetic relationships of amphisbaenians.
Soon they start to develop stronger feelings for each other. Amphisbaena is a genus in the family amphisbaenidae, commonly known as the worm lizards. A new karyotypic formula for the genus amphisbaena squamata. Red worm lizard amphisbaena alba longevity, ageing, and. Limbs are absent and the internal limb girdles are vestigial greatly reduced. Every section through the ear region was mounted separately and stained with hematoxylin, azocarmine, and. Amphisbaena species amphisbaena alba common name red worm lizard lifespan, ageing, and relevant traits maximum longevity 15. Detection and use of foraging trails of the leafcutting ant atta laevigata hymenoptera.
The amphisbaena has two heads, one in the proper place and one in its tail. Jun 26, 2012 this page was last edited on 2 september 2017, at 20. It can move in the direction of eaither head with a circular motion. Some coccidial parasites of the lizard amphisbaena alba. Complementarily is given a checklist containing the citation of the original description, the type locality, identified, and a citation of a modern description useful to the identification.
The poison of an amphisbaena is about as potent as that of an ordinary serpent, though the fact that it is administered twice by the creatures twin mouths contributes greatly to its lethality. Amphisbaena alba 0 0 001 1 amphisbaena camura 0 0 300 3 amphisbaena mertensii 0 1 220 5 amphisbaena robertidd 0 1 031 5 typhlopidae amerotyphlops brongersmianusdd 0100 2 1. In this orientation the nose is tipped downward about 20 and the cutting is from dorsal and slightly posterior to ventral and slightly anterior. Whole blood is distinguished from that of other squamate reptiles by an extraordinary high o2 affinity p50 12 mmhg at ph.
Both svl and range size have highly skewed distributions, with most species being characterized by small svl and range size fig. Amphisbaena are vicious twoheaded serpents noted for their ability to regenerate. The new taxon is identified mainly by having two precloacal pores, 158165 body. The skull of amphisbaena alba linneaus and its disarticulated components are described in detail and illustrated by. The beautiful play of light and shadow dancing across the actors faces and in the glow of the lanterns framed by the soft darkness of a moonlit night make this a classic. Amphisbaena alba linnaeus, 1758 red worm lizard, white worm lizard, whitebellied worm lizard. Fourteen species 20% are known from a single distribution record.
Isidore of seville 7th century ce etymologies, book 12, 4. New species of amphisbaena with a nonautotomic and dorsally. Conform catalogue of life specia amphisbaena alba nu are subspecii cunoscute referin. S c a new karyotypic formula for the genus amphisbaena. Amphisbaena article about amphisbaena by the free dictionary. The specimen was scanned by matthew colbert on 4 october 2004 along the coronal axis for a total of 735 slices. Amphisbaenas definition of amphisbaenas by the free dictionary. Fulltext is provided in portable document format pdf. Reptiles of the ecuadorian amazon tropical herping. The matrix here presented is arranged according to the succession of steps taken in our laboratory. Clutch size ranged from 816, one of the largest known for amphisbaenians, and is possibly influenced by the large body size of a.
There are five south american species lacking tail autotomy. Pdf an atlas of amphisbaenian skull anatomy researchgate. They r preachy,romantic,with dialogues that strike a cord in. Some evidence suggests that this species exploits the living space of the leafcutting ant and may even use the nests of these ants to deposit its eggs. Water dispersal of amphisbaena alba and amphisbaena amazonica. The karyotypes of both sexes were obtained by using squash preparations of the intestine. Amphisbaenians are characterized by their long bodies, the reduction or loss of the limbs, and rudimentary eyes. Amphisbaenia checklist and bibliography 7 abstract a checklist of the amphisbaenidae is presented.
The white worm lizard, amphisbaena alba, is a large wormlike reptile with a very short tail, giving the appearance of two heads fig. Heterogamety as regard sex chromosomes was not found in either sex. Alone among snakes, the amphisbaena goes out in the cold. Amphisbaena alba, also known as the red worm lizard or less commonly as the white or whitebellied worm lizard, is a species of amphisbaenian in the reptilian order squamata.
Amphisbaenia called amphisbaenians or worm lizards is a group of usually legless squamates, comprising over 180 extant species. A matrix of meristic characters is presented to orient the identification of south american amphisbaena. This page was last edited on 20 december 2019, at 02. Detection and use of foraging trails of the leafcutting. The ear in amphisbaenia reptilia further anatomical. It starts with the number of preanal pores, sequentially ordered, and. The two heads of the amphisbaena understandably led to a healthy amount of criticism. We describe a new species of amphisbaena from the caatinga in the northern region of bahia, northeastern brazil. However, if a pregnant woman carries a live amphisbaena in a box with her, the effect is nullified. Crowned dwarfcaiman paleosuchus trigonatus lc 1015. Amphisbaena definition of amphisbaena by the free dictionary. Labelled skull and of amphisbaena alba cg 3533, from montero and gans. The new taxon is identified mainly by having two precloacal pores, 158165 body annuli, 1214 caudal annuli with autotomy on the third and fourth annuli. Phylogeny and evolution of head shape in amphisbaenia.
Biogeography of worm lizards amphisbaenia george washington. Some coccidial parasites of the lizard amphisbaena alba reptilia. Despite minimal intelligence, amphisbaenas are driven primarily by their instincts and are extremely difficult and dangerous to train. Amphisbaenidae, 1957, harvard museum of comparative zoology, breviora, number 70. Amphisbaena alba, also known as the red worm lizard or less commonly as the white or. Amphisbaena definition and meaning collins english dictionary. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Amphisbaena alba amphisbaena ca amphisbaena bolivicam u amphisbaena ignatiana amphisbaena arena a r ia bronia k bronia saxosa bronia bedai aoh i l l e h c t i. An aid to the identification of the south american species. Amphisbaena definition is a serpent in classical mythology having a head at each end and capable of moving in either direction. Krups xp user manual page 1 of 14 try another brand of milk. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Campos et al chemical recognition by amphisbaena alba 404 associations of a. Respiratory properties of whole blood and hemoglobin solutions have been studied in the burrowing reptile, amphisbaena alba.
Amphisbaena definition of amphisbaena by merriamwebster. Media in category amphisbaena the following 5 files are in this category, out of 5 total. The ultrastructure of the spermatozoa of the worm lizard. A mythical serpent or winged creature having a head at each end of its body. Amphisbaena definition, any of numerous worm lizards of the genus amphisbaena. All attempts to train an amphisbaena take a 8 penalty on any handle animal checks as a result. Os aneis sao constituidos por escamas lisas e invariaveis em media 35 dorsais e 39 ventrais. Checklist and bibliography of the amphisbaenia of the world.
Pdf respiratory properties of whole blood and hemoglobin. Amphisbaena anaemariae, amphisbaena heathi, amphisbaena hiata, the new species differs by having smaller numbers of dorsal and ventral segments per midbody annulus 14 1415 on a. Pdf a new species of amphisbaena from northeastern. The scales are arranged in rings which encircle the body in an annulated fashion. Ecology of the wormlizard amphisbaena alba in the cerrado of central brazil.
Amphisbaena fuliginosa can be found in the rainforest of specific areas in the continent of south america and the caribbean. Prevalence and intensity of infection by raillietiella gigliolii hett, 1924 pentastomida in amphisbaena alba linnaeus, 1758 and a. Lateral view of amphisbaena alba showing the jaw muscles. Red list index sampled approach, zoological society london. Reproduction for this species occurs in the dry season of its geographical area. Pdf ecology of the wormlizard amphisbaena alba in the. Afbeeldingen witte wormhagedis op wikimedia commons. Amphisbaena angustifrons cope, 1861 south american worm lizard. User manual krups xp lastmanuals offers a socially driven service of sharing, storing and.1241 239 1056 462 165 1510 867 1020 1448 130 754 301 544 1496 767 964 870 837 691 467 438 1017 253 32 1014 581 257 1276 1363 62 1249 1154 1336 1454 325 1108 163 825 286 171 175 444 481 931 1375 716